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Paper Tubes

Paper tubesEdit

From PyroGuideEdit

Some kraft paper tubes from PyroCreations.comAlmost any pyrotechnic device is made using cylindrical paper tubes. Rockets, lances, shells, fountains, mortars, etc. Tubes can be found or bought, but sometimes it is better to roll your own tubes. There are two types of cylindrical paper tubes: spiral wound and parallel/convolute wound. The parallel wound is generally stronger than the spiral wound, since it is rolled of one continuous piece of paper rolled orthogonal to the dowel.


The standard measurements used to determine paper tubes are:

  • The inner diameter (I.D.) measurement in inches/milimeters. It is the diameter of the circular opening at each end of a paper tube.
  • The outer diameter (O.D.) measurement in inches/milimeters.
  • The length of the tube in inches/milimeters.
  • The wall thickness in inches/milimeters. It is influenced by the length and thickness of the strip of paper that was rolled. The wall thickness can be calculated by substracting the inner diameter from the outer diameter, then dividing by two. Different pyrotechnic devices use different wall thicknesses for the tubes, depending on the strength required.

MaterialsEdit

Paper Select a strong, reasonably heavy type of paper. 70lb kraft paper works well and is sold in artists' paint stores.

Glue White glue or silimar works well.

Dowel The dowel should have the diameter similar to the I.D. of the desired tube. It doesn't need to be a dowel necessarily, as long as it has a cylidrical shape in order to obtain cylindrical tubes.

Other Masking tape and brush.

ConstructionEdit

Place a sheet of paper on a hard, flat surface (e.g. table, desk, etc.). Cut it into strips as wide and as long as you want the casings to be. The length of a strip will determine the wall thickness of the casings (if necessary, more strips can be used to obtain casings with thicker walls). Place one strip in front of you, and tape the far end to the working surface.

Place the dowel of the required diameter on the strip of paper, perpendicular to the strip.

To start, apply glue to the first edge of paper and roll it tightly around the dowel. Pay extra attention to the edges of the paper when applying glue. Press the dowel against the table and pull it towards you to prevent the paper from wrinkling.

Now, apply glue to the whole strip of paper. Again, make sure all the edges are well covered. Spread the glue evenly over the paper.

Start rolling. Pull the dowel towards you to prevent wrinkling.

You will most likely find that the dowel was not perfectly aligned with the paper and starts moving sideways as you roll. This can be corrected for to a certain extend by pulling more on one side of the dowel. However, it is better to avoid this as it will make the casings slightly less tight and strong. It takes some practice to master the technique well.

When the end of the paper is reached, cut the paper parallel to the tape with a sharp knife, and apply glue to the edges. Roll the last stretch of paper onto the dowel.

Trim the ends of the tube with a sharp knife and lay the tube aside to dry.

SourceEdit

Wouter's Practical Pyrotechnics -> Device components -> Paper tubes

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